Pain in the joints of the arms and legs

pain in the joints of the arms and legs

Often, after strenuous physical work or sports training, a person notices that his arms and legs hurt. If such a condition is accompanied by overload or fatigue, the pain usually disappears after a few days. But it happens that such a concern bothers a person regularly and can appear regardless of physical activity. In this case, the pain can be caused by serious health problems that require treatment.

The appearance of joint pain - arthralgia - can be observed against the background of general well-being. Painful sensations appear, as a rule, after excessive physical exertion and can be observed in pregnant women. Complaints of joint pain in children, caused by the rapid development of the musculoskeletal system, have recently become more frequent.

In other cases, joint pain is a symptom of some pathology, a signal of an inflammatory or destructive process, an autoimmune disease. For complete treatment of the joints, it is important to determine the root cause of the onset of pain.

General description of the problem

Pain in the legs and arms is a fairly common occurrence. Such a problem is usually unrelated to age, and even children and adolescents often suffer from such sensations. In them, this is usually accompanied by rapid growth or increased physical exertion. And in adults, regular joint pain can be caused by various diseases.

Such pain can come from any part of the limbs. Most often, the feet ache as they are subjected to the greatest stress. Knees, calves and hip joints can also be affected. In the hands, the pain is localized mainly in the forearm and shoulder. But often such sensations occur in the hands, preventing a person from performing normal work.

Bones, joints, muscles can be injured. Often the problem occurs due to impaired blood circulation and tissue nutrition. Sometimes the concern is also transmitted through nerve fibers from other parts of the body. Such radiating pain may appear in diseases of the spine, myocardial infarction, renal or biliary colic. In this case, the pain appears right or left, depending on which organ is affected.

Such pain is usually mild, people describe it as a feeling of pain, discomfort. The pain can occur only during movement and sit at rest or constantly bother a person.

Caution: if the pain is not accompanied by physical activity or is accompanied by additional symptoms, you should consult your doctor.

Without treatment, such pain can become chronic and lead to decreased performance or even disability. It is especially important to visit a doctor if the pain in the limb appears simultaneously with other symptoms. It can be fever, weakness, chills, nausea. Usually this condition appears with severe pathologies that require immediate treatment.

Causes

The most common cause of joint pain is common fatigue. Most often they appear the day after sports training. But it can be after work on site, carrying heavy loads, general cleaning or outdoor activities. This usually happens to physically untrained people.

Such pain is called crepation. They do not appear alone. Most often, the pain is a consequence of microtrauma of the muscle fibers. If this happens often, they do not have time to heal and inflammation appears. As a result, the blood supply to the tissues may be disturbed, ischemia develops. Intense exercise can also lead to sprains and cracks in muscles or ligaments. All of these factors usually cause pain that lasts 3-5 days. But the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles can not be the cause of such prolonged pain, it resolves within a few hours.

pain in the joints of the legs and arms

But there are more serious reasons for this problem. There are several groups of pathologies that can cause painful sensations in the legs and arms. They are different in the mechanism of formation and localization. But they have one thing in common: one of the manifestations is pain in the limbs.

What diseases can cause the appearance of this symptom:

  • pathology of blood vessels and veins, usually of the lower extremities;
  • infectious diseases;
  • poisoning and other conditions that cause intoxication of the body;
  • inflammatory pathologies of joints, muscles, nerve tissues;
  • degenerative diseases of the joints and bones;
  • autoimmune pathologies;
  • hormonal disruptions;
  • tumors.

Circulatory disorders

Vascular and venous diseases are quite common. They are found in men and women of different ages. Most often it is about varicose veins. At the same time, the legs ache, aggravation is felt, and convulsions may occur. Gradually, the enlarged veins become visible through the skin. Thrombophlebitis and thrombosis are also common with age and symptoms may include severe throbbing pain in one leg or arm. Atherosclerosis of the vessels can also cause their blockage, which is the cause of painful sensations, mainly oppressive or constrictive, aggravated by movement.

The most rare vascular pathologies include:

  • extinct endoarthritis;
  • main artery embolism;
  • Raynaud's disease;
  • arteriovenous dysplasia.

In case of impaired blood circulation, in addition to pain in the arms and legs, often appear numbness, the feeling of leakage of goose bumps and cold extremities. Muscles weaken, fingers swell, movement becomes difficult and things fall out of hands. If the small vessels of the limbs are affected, blue or purple spots may appear on the skin and the nails become blue.

Caution: it is especially dangerous if the pain in the left arm is accompanied by shortness of breath, weakness, aggravation in the chest. This may be a sign of myocardial infarction.

Pathologies associated with circulatory disorders include prolonged immobilization. And this happens not only with forced immobility after an injury. Blood circulation may be disturbed due to prolonged sitting in one position, for example, during a trip or while sitting work.

Infections

Too often, hands and feet ache from viral diseases. Such sensations are considered a classic flu symptom. They are associated with the fact that to fight infection in the body, special substances are formed - prostaglandins. They provoke fever and pain. In addition, such pain may be associated with intoxication and fever that accompany infectious diseases.

Most often, the pain in the limbs appears with the flu, SARS, bronchitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, rubella, chickenpox. Such sensations can be a symptom of borreliosis, botulism, paratyphoid, salmonellosis, cholera and many parasitic diseases.

flu as a cause of pain in the ankles and arms

Intoxication

Intoxication often causes pain in the muscles of the arms and legs. This is due to cell death, which occurs when toxins or poisons enter the body, for example, a large amount of alcohol, an overdose of certain drugs. This often happens with food poisoning. Pain in the limbs accompanies nausea, abdominal pain, and intestinal upset.

Intoxication also occurs with the bite of ticks, some other insects, snakes. In this case, convulsions, allergic manifestations and respiratory failure may occur. And ticks often carry infectious diseases, the first manifestations of which are pain in the limbs.

Joint pathologies

People over 45 often suffer from pain in the joints of the arms and legs. A person's limbs are constantly in motion, so the joints get tired. And with age, metabolic processes slow down, which negatively affects the condition of articular cartilage and other tissues. Therefore, pathologies such as arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout are often encountered. They can affect any limb joint. With osteochondrosis or spondyloarthritis, in addition to the spine, the arms or legs can also be injured.

With all these diseases, it hurts the joints of the arms and legs, the pain can spread to muscles and other surrounding tissues. For example, osteoarthritis mainly affects the large joints. But the pain can be felt in the bones and muscles located near them. Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the joints of the fingers. Pain does not appear only during exercise. It is also felt at rest, and can spread to the palms, wrists, forearms.

Bone pathologies

In some diseases the bones of the arms and legs are affected. At the same time, a person experiences painful sensations that prevent him from leading a normal life. This occurs with osteomyelitis, osteomalacia or osteoporosis. These pathologies are associated with infection in bone tissue or a lack of calcium in it.

Muscle pain

This is the most common reason for such feelings. Muscle pain can appear with overwork, after injuries, with miosis. Under the influence of unfavorable external factors, muscles become inflamed, sometimes ischemia occurs due to circulatory disorders. In this case, the so-called "trigger points" appear, ie areas with increased pain. The pain can be painful, weak or sharp, excruciating. It is localized in one place or can spread to all limbs. This often results in muscle weakness.

This condition is called myofascial pain syndrome. It can occur after increased physical exertion, while usually the foot or right arm hurts more. The cause of pain can be wearing uncomfortable shoes, abnormalities in skeletal development, scoliosis, prolonged immobilization after injury or illness. In addition, this condition often accompanies people of certain professions. For example, office workers, tailors, hairdressers have a pain in the right hand.

If muscle pain occurs due to hypothermia or infection, this is myositis. The pathology is accompanied by quite severe pain. In this case, the temperature may rise, the limbs swell. Polymyositis is associated with painful weakness, increased fatigue.

Other diseases

Similar painful sensations can be a symptom of many other pathologies. Weakness and pain in the limbs often occur with an increase in blood pressure, sleep disturbances, and vegetative-vascular dystonia. The cause of pain can be blood diseases, endocrine pathologies, the growth of malignant tumors.

Very often, such pain is caused by damage to nerve tissue. It could be neuroma, neuralgia or neuritis. Pain in the back of the thigh can be caused by sciatica and the wrist is often affected by the carpal tunnel.

fibromyalgia

When after the examination the doctor can not find the cause of the pain and they last for several months, the patient can be diagnosed with fibromyalgia. This pathology is quite common, but so far scientists can not determine what is its cause. It is also difficult to diagnose the disease, as neither tests nor hardware diagnostics detect it. Only general symptoms allow us to talk about the prevalence of pathology.

Fibromyalgia occurs mainly in women. It is believed that this is due to the lowering of the pain threshold. The source of the problem lies in the brain. Often, after severe stress, a person notices that their arms or legs hurt. This usually happens the next morning.

examination by the doctor for pain in the joints of the hands and feet

Essentially, the discomfort is localized to the shoulder girdle, elbows, hips, or knees. In addition to pain in muscles, ligaments and tendons, the patient experiences weakness, decreased performance, increased fatigue, deteriorating mood and memory. He often has insomnia, depression, can not rest, suffers from headaches.

Characteristics of treatment

If your limbs start to hurt after exercising, you can alleviate your condition yourself. To do this, it is recommended to take a relaxing bath and relax. After minor injuries, it is recommended to apply a cold compress to the affected area. It is advisable to avoid stress for a few days and the pain will soon disappear.

But it happens that all this does not help, the pain lasts for several weeks and the patient does not know what to do to get rid of the discomfort. The best thing to do is visit a doctor and do an analysis. After all, only after it becomes clear why the limbs are injured, will it be possible to choose the right treatment.

Important: some people with such problems start taking analgesics or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on their own. But other than the fact that they cause a lot of side effects, they do not always help.

Only a doctor after the examination will be able to determine how to treat the pathology. It depends on what caused the pain, where they are located, how intense they are.

Usually, analgesics or NSAIDs are used for treatment. For severe pain, your doctor may prescribe anesthetic injections at the pain projection sites or corticosteroid injections.

In addition to these drugs, and in mild cases independently, external agents are used. These can be NSAID-based ointments or gels, capsaicin, bee venom, essential oils. They have an analgesic, warming and distracting effect, helping to relieve muscle spasms and improve blood circulation.

The composition of the complex treatment of such pathologies includes other means. Their choice depends on the cause of the pain. For example, in the case of joint pathologies, chondroprotectors are prescribed to restore cartilage tissue. Antidepressants help with fibromyalgia.

Muscle relaxants are often used to relieve muscle spasms that may increase or cause pain. Multivitamin preparations, especially those containing vitamin B, are needed to restore blood circulation and nerve conduction. Drugs that improve peripheral circulation and accelerate tissue regeneration are also effective.

Often, due to such pain, the mobility of the limbs decreases, the muscles weaken and the joints lose their elasticity. Massage and physiotherapy exercises are used to restore the functions of the arms and legs. They help restore normal muscle tone, improve joint mobility. And strengthening the muscle corset allows you to avoid such problems in the future.

conclusions

Pain in the arms and legs is rarely a serious pathology, more often they occur with overwork. But such pain can indicate the development of some diseases that, if left untreated, will lead to complications. Therefore, do not ignore the pain that lasts more than a week. It is best to consult a doctor who will help determine their cause and prescribe treatment.