Signs, prevention, treatment of lumbar spine osteochondrosis

According to estimates of the International Classification of Diseases, osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine belongs to the tenth group (ICD 10). This disease is one of the most common spinal disorders.

back pain with osteochondrosis

Changes and complications of the course of the disease lead to the formation of intervertebral hernias, severe pain, impaired intervertebral disc function.

This disease is fixed in 80% of patients seeking help due to back pain. As a rule, osteochondrosis occurs in old age due to:

  • increase in lifetime loads relative to the lower back,
  • lime salt deposits,
  • age changes.

Description and symptoms of the disease

Characteristic signs of lumbar pathology include the following manifestations:

  • reduced flexibility and mobility;
  • difficulty in turning, rotating, tilting the body;
  • general fatigue;
  • sleep disorders;
  • problematic implementation of natural needs and self-service due to the onset of pain;
  • irritability, sudden sweating;
  • coldness or tingling sensation in the foot;
  • spasmodic manifestations in the arteries of the legs;
  • violation of sexual function (in men), menstrual cycle (in women);
  • flebeurizmi.

In fact, to answer the question of what is osteochondrosis of the spine, you can use the following theses:

  1. Reduction of the distance between the intervertebral discs, violation of their functionality, loss of moisture, elasticity.
  2. On chronic tension and weakness of the spinal muscles.
  3. Violation of the cushioning ability of the discs, their partial deformation and the effect on the nerve endings leading to pain (applies to stages 3 and 4 of the disease).

The course of the disease

The development of pathology occurs gradually. It is customary to distinguish 4 stages of medical history:

  1. The first degree is manifested by local pain in the lumbar region, which is aggravated by physical exertion. This symptom signals that the muscles are tense and the process of deforming the intervertebral discs has already begun. Also, patients at this stage may feel a dull pain in the back, radiating to the gluteal region, tingling, burning in the same place. As a rule, the pain appears after the transfer of weights or sudden movements.
  2. The second period of the disease is characterized by the onset of deformation of the surrounding tissues, the fibrous disc ring and the reduction of the natural distance between the vertebrae. Compression of the nerve roots also develops. At this stage, the patient may feel sharp pains that progress during walking. There may be a burning sensation or cold in the feet. Disc tension and elongation develop. If a pain attack occurs, the patient automatically deviates in the opposite direction from the focus of the pain syndrome.
  3. The third degree is characterized by the final destruction of the disc rings, the appearance of intervertebral hernias. Pain in the lower back becomes more frequent and severe as it is given to the legs, back, regardless of load and movement.
  4. The fourth stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by an abnormal growth of the vertebrae. Cartilage undergoes significant atrophic processes. The pain may be reduced, which indicates the formation of protective tissue, but this is by no means a sign of healing. The disease at this stage most often leads to disability of the patient.

Concomitant diseases

Almost identical manifestations of the disease in question are characterized by deforming spondylosis of the corresponding part of the body. This disease belongs to the late stages of osteochondrosis and has the following symptoms:

  • feeling of heaviness in the back, especially in the lower part of it;
  • acute pain in a sitting position when moving;
  • pain in the lower back during bending, stretching and other movements.
lumbar spine osteochondrosis

This disease is characterized by cardinal changes in the vertebrae with the formation of bone growths that irritate the ligaments of the spine. Growths (osteophytes) can reach a considerable size, cause parts of neighboring vertebrae to fuse, and put pressure on nerve roots.

The consequence of the disease, in addition to pain, may be a decrease in mobility, discomfort when the weather changes, disability.

Basically, the disease develops in old age due to excessive stress in the lumbar region and lime salt deposits. In young people, spondylosis can develop due to curvature of the spine, improper distribution of stress in the back muscles.

Wellness gymnastics, physiotherapy and medical procedures

It is completely unrealistic to cure the disease. The first two stages of spinal health disorders can be cured quickly and permanently. In addition to medication treatment, which is prescribed by a doctor after a proper examination, patients are shown physiotherapy and exercise equipment for lumbar spine osteochondrosis.

This includes:

  • massage - can reduce pain, strengthen the lumbar muscles, relax problem areas.
  • Physical activity, exercises to strengthen the back muscles.
  • Amplipulse, magnetic resonance effect.
  • Iontophoresis and diadynamic currents.

The optimal result in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine gives an integrated approach using traditional therapy, massage, physiotherapy, traditional medicine. As a preventative measure, you should strengthen your back muscles, avoid physical exertion, and follow proper nutrition. Also, do not forget about timely treatment of other diseases of the spine, maintaining a healthy lifestyle.